The Flood story sources

The J treatment is distinct from the P on virtually every level. The details and terminology differ, referring to “Yahweh” rather than “God,” using the terms “man and his woman” rather than “male and female,” and describing one pair of clean and unclean animals rather than simply one pair. A dove is sent out in the J version, and the flood lasts a mere forty days and forty nights in comparison’s to P’s year. The terror of the flood plays a minor role in this version: it rains, without question, but the magnitude of destruction that P depicts does not enter the picture at all. The different depiction that J offers the reader is perhaps the most intriguing characteristic to study. J’s deity is capable of regret (6:6,7), making one wonder whether Yahweh can be omnipotent and omniscient and simultaneously regret past actions. Yahweh personally closes Noah’s ark, makes an everlasting covenant with the people, and delights in the smell of animal sacrifice. The God here is very tangible, very accessible and anthropomorphic, a depiction entirely consistent with other J stories.


Genesis 6:

5 And Yahweh saw that the evil of humans was great in the earth and all the inclination of the thoughts of their heart was only evil all day.
6 And Yahweh regretted that he had made humans in the earth, and he was grieved to his heart.
7 And Yahweh said, “I shall wipe out the humans which I have created from the face of the earth, from human to beast to creeping thing to bird of the heavens, for I regret that I have made them.”
8 But Noah found favor in Yahweh’s eyes.

Genesis 7:
1 And Yahweh said to Noah, “Come, you and all your household, to the ark, for I have seen you as righteous before me in this generation.
2 Of all the clean beasts, take yourself seven pairs, man and his woman; and of the beasts which are not clean, two, man and his woman.
3 Also of the birds of the heavens seven pairs, male and female, to keep alive seed on the face of the earth.
4 For in seven more days I shall rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I shall wipe out all the substance that I have made from upon the face of the earth.”
5 And Noah did according to all that Yahweh had commanded him.
7 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him came to the ark from before the waters of the flood.
10 And seven days later the waters of the flood were on the earth.
12 And there was rain on the earth, forty days and forty nights.
16 . . . And Yahweh closed it for him.
17 And the flood was on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and the waters multiplied and raised the ark, and it was lifted from the earth.
18 And the waters grew strong and multiplied greatly on the earth, and the ark went on the surface of the waters.
19 And the waters grew very very strong on the earth, and they covered all the high mountains that are under all the heavens.
20 Fifteen cubits above, the waters grew stronger, and they covered the mountains.
22 Everything that had the breathing spirit of life in its nostrils, everything that was on the dry ground, died.
23 And he wiped out all the substance that was on the face of the earth, from human to beast, to creeping thing, and to bird of the heavens, and they were wiped out from the earth, and only Noah and those who were with him in the ark were left.

Genesis 8:

6 And it was at the end of forty days, and Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made.
8 And he sent out a dove from him to see whether the waters had eased from the face of the earth.
9 And the dove did not find a resting place for its foot, and it returned to him to the ark, for waters were on the face of the earth, and he put out his hand and took it and brought it to him to the ark.
10 And he waited seven more days, and he again sent out a dove from the ark.
11 And the dove came to him at evening time, and here was an olive leaf torn off in its mouth, and Noah knew that the waters had eased from the earth.
12 And he waited seven more days, and he sent out a dove, and it did not return to him ever again.
13 . . . And Noah turned back the covering of the ark and looked, and here the face of the earth had dried.
20 And Noah built an altar to Yahweh, and he took some of each of the clean beasts and of each of the clean birds, and he offered sacrifices on the altar.
21 And Yahweh smelled the pleasant smell, and Yahweh said to his heart, “I shall not again curse the ground on man’s account, for the inclination of the human heart is evil from their youth, and I shall not again strike all the living as I have done.
22 All the rest of the days of the earth, seed and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.”

This presentation was originally created by Jesse Floren, Maureen McDonnell, and Nathan Romney. Santa Clara University. Religious Studies Department.
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Scholars, investigators, and even priests have all been working on this mystery of who wrote the bible for thousands of years. It began with individuals raising questions about problems existing within the text. It progressed like a detective story with investigators continually uncovering clues about the bible’s origin.

In the first stage, investigators accepted the tradition that Moses wrote the first five books of the bible, but, conceded that a few lines may have been inserted here or there. In the second stage, investigators suggested that a few editors may have changed portions of the text, but Moses was still the author. Finally, in the seventeenth century, the third stage of the investigation concluded outright that Moses did not write the majority of the Torah.

This hypothesis that Moses did not write the Torah took almost two hundred years to accept. Fortunately though, as the hypothesis became more widely accepted, the investigators were less reluctant to publish their findings. By the beginning of the nineteenth century scholars found evidence that the Torah was two old source documents combined into one. Later, scholars found evidence that there were not two major source documents in the Torah; there were four!.

In his book Who Wrote the Bible?, Richard Elliot Friedman eloquently outlines the origins of these different documents, identifying them as the J (or Jehovah), E (or Elohim), P (for Priestly), and D (for sources found in Deuteronomy). Among the most commonly cited stories to illustrate the different origins and purposes of these distinct sources are the Flood story, the Creation Story, and the announcement of Isaac’s birth.

from https://web.archive.org/web/20030228231517/http://www-relg-studies.scu.edu/netcours/hb/dh/

Below is a translated version of the story of Noah’s Ark.

Notice the differences between the text and story told in boldface and the text and story told in regular text. It is blatantly obvious that at least two separate authors wrote this story.

If you’re still not convinced, try reading the stories separated here: J Flood StoryP Flood Story. Note how the stories are easier to read when separated. (We’ve included some extra tips along with the separated stories so that you can look for the differences.)

If your interested in reading both stories side by side click here.


Genesis 6:

5 And Yahweh saw that the evil of humans was great in the earth and all the inclination of the thoughts of their heart was only evil all day.
6 And Yahweh regretted that he had made humans in the earth, and he was grieved to his heart.
7 And Yahweh said, “I shall wipe out the humans which I have created from the face of the earth, from human to beast to creeping thing to bird of the heavens, for I regret that I have made them.”
8 But Noah found favor in Yahweh’s eyes.
9 These are the generation of Noah: Noah was a righteous man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God.
10 And Noah sired three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
11 And the earth was corrupted before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
12 And God saw the earth, and here it was corrupted, for all flesh had corrupted its way on the earth.
13 And God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before me, for the earth is filled with violence because of them, and here I am going to destroy them with the earth.
14 Make yourself an ark of gopher wood, make rooms with the ark, and pitch it outside and inside with pitch.
15 And this is how you shall make it: Three hundred cubits the length of the ark, fifty cubits its width, and thirty cubits its height.
16 You shall make a window for the ark, and you shall finish it to a cubit from the top, and you shall make an entrance to the ark in its side. You shall make lower, second, and third stories for it.
17 And here I am bringing the flood, water over the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life from under the heavens. Everything which is on the land will die.
18 And I shall establish my covenant with you. And you shall come to the ark, you and your sons and your wife and your sons’ wives with you.
19 And of all the living, of all flesh, you shall bring two to the ark to keep alive with you, they shall be male and female.
20 Of the birds according to their kind, and of the beasts according to their kind, and of all the creeping things of the earth according to their kind, two of each will come to you to keep alive.
21 And you, take for yourself of all food which will be eaten and gather it to you, and it will be for you and for them for food.”
22 And Noah did according to all that God commanded him — so he did.

Genesis 7:

1 And Yahweh said to Noah, “Come, you and all your household, to the ark, for I have seen you as righteous before me in this generation.
2 Of all the clean beasts, take yourself seven pairs, man and his woman; and of the beasts which are not clean, two, man and his woman.
3 Also of the birds of the heavens seven pairs, male and female, to keep alive seed on the face of the earth.
4 For in seven more days I shall rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I shall wipe out all the substance that I have made from upon the face of the earth.”
5 And Noah did according to all that Yahweh had commanded him.
6 And Noah was six hundred years old, and the flood was on the earth.
7 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him came to the ark from before the waters of the flood.
8 Of the clean beasts and of the beasts which were not clean, and of the birds and of all those which creep upon the earth,
9 two of each came to Noah to the ark, male and female, as God had commanded Noah.
10 And seven days later the waters of the flood were on the earth.
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, on this day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the heavens were opened.
12 And there was rain on the earth, forty days and forty nights.
13 In this very day, Noah and Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife and his sons’ three wives with them came to the ark,
14 They and all the living things according to their kind, and all the beasts according to their kind, and all the creeping things that creep on the earth according to their kind, and all the birds according to their kind, and every winged bird.
15 And they came to Noah to the ark, two of each, of all flesh in which is the breath of life.
16 And those which came were male and female, some of all flesh came, as God had commanded him.
 And Yahweh closed it for him.
17 And the flood was on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and the waters multiplied and raised the ark, and it was lifted from the earth.
18 And the waters grew strong and multiplied greatly on the earth, and the ark went on the surface of the waters.
19 And the waters grew very very strong on the earth, and they covered all the high mountains that are under all the heavens.
20 Fifteen cubits above, the waters grew stronger, and they covered the mountains.
21 And all flesh, those that creep on the earth, the birds, the beasts, and the wild animals, and all the swarming things that swarm on the earth, and all the humans expired.
22 Everything that had the breathing spirit of life in its nostrils, everything that was on the dry ground, died.
23 And he wiped out all the substance that was on the face of the earth, from human to beast, to creeping thing, and to bird of the heavens, and they were wiped out from the earth, and only Noah and those who were with him in the ark were left.
24 And the waters grew strong on the earth a hundred fifty days.

Genesis 8:

1 And God remembered Noah and all the living, and all the beasts that were with him in the ark, and God passed a wind over the earth, and the waters were decreased.
2 And the fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were shut, . . .
3 . . . And the waters were abated at the end of a hundred fifty days.
4 And the ark rested, in the seventh month, in the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat.
5 And the waters continued receding until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first of the month, the tops of the mountains appeared.

6 And it was at the end of forty days, and Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made.
7 And he sent out a raven, and it went back and forth until the waters dried up from the earth.
8 And he sent out a dove from him to see whether the waters had eased from the face of the earth.
9 And the dove did not find a resting place for its foot, and it returned to him to the ark, for waters were on the face of the earth, and he put out his hand and took it and brought it to him to the ark.
10 And he waited seven more days, and he again sent out a dove from the ark.
11 And the dove came to him at evening time, and here was an olive leaf torn off in its mouth, and Noah knew that the waters had eased from the earth.
12 And he waited seven more days, and he sent out a dove, and it did not return to him ever again.
13 And it was in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the waters dried from the earth. And Noah turned back the covering of the ark and looked, and here the face of the earth had dried.
14 And in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth fried up.
15 And God spoke to Noah, saying,
16 “Go out from the ark, you and your wife and your sons’ wives with you.
17 All the living things that are with you, of all flesh, of the birds, and of the beasts, and of all the creeping things that creep on the earth, that go out with you, shall swarm in the earth and be fruitful and multiply in the earth.”
18 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives went out.
19 All the living things, all the creeping things and all the birds, all that creep on the earth, by their families, they went out of the ark.

20 And Noah built an altar to Yahweh, and he took some of each of the clean beasts and of each of the clean birds, and he offered sacrifices on the altar.
21 And Yahweh smelled the pleasant smell, and Yahweh said to his heart, “I shall not again curse the ground on man’s account, for the inclination of the human heart is evil from their youth, and I shall not again strike all the living as I have done.
22 All the rest of the days of the earth, seed and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.”

 

Flood Story: Side by Side

Genesis 6:5 thru Genesis 8:22 Genesis 6:9 thru Genesis 8:18
5 And Yahweh saw that the evil of humans was great in the earth and all the inclination of the thoughts of their heart was only evil all day.
6 And Yahweh regretted that he had made humans in the earth, and he was grieved to his heart.
7 And Yahweh said, “I shall wipe out the humans which I have created from the face of the earth, from human to beast to creeping thing to bird of the heavens, for I regret that I have made them.”
8 But Noah found favor in Yahweh’s eyes.Genesis 7:1 And Yahweh said to Noah, “Come, you and all your household, to the ark, for I have seen you as righteous before me in this generation.
2 Of all the clean beasts, take yourself seven pairs, man and his woman; and of the beasts which are not clean, two, man and his woman.
3 Also of the birds of the heavens seven pairs, male and female, to keep alive seed on the face of the earth.
4 For in seven more days I shall rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I shall wipe out all the substance that I have made from upon the face of the earth.”
5 And Noah did according to all that Yahweh had commanded him.
7 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him came to the ark from before the waters of the flood.
10 And seven days later the waters of the flood were on the earth.
12 And there was rain on the earth, forty days and forty nights.
16 . . . And Yahweh closed it for him.
17 And the flood was on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and the waters multiplied and raised the ark, and it was lifted from the earth.
18 And the waters grew strong and multiplied greatly on the earth, and the ark went on the surface of the waters.
19 And the waters grew very very strong on the earth, and they covered all the high mountains that are under all the heavens.
20 Fifteen cubits above, the waters grew stronger, and they covered the mountains.
22 Everything that had the breathing spirit of life in its nostrils, everything that was on the dry ground, died.
23 And he wiped out all the substance that was on the face of the earth, from human to beast, to creeping thing, and to bird of the heavens, and they were wiped out from the earth, and only Noah and those who were with him in the ark were left.Genesis 8:6 And it was at the end of forty days, and Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made.
8 And he sent out a dove from him to see whether the waters had eased from the face of the earth.
9 And the dove did not find a resting place for its foot, and it returned to him to the ark, for waters were on the face of the earth, and he put out his hand and took it and brought it to him to the ark.
10 And he waited seven more days, and he again sent out a dove from the ark.
11 And the dove came to him at evening time, and here was an olive leaf torn off in its mouth, and Noah knew that the waters had eased from the earth.
12 And he waited seven more days, and he sent out a dove, and it did not return to him ever again.
13 . . . And Noah turned back the covering of the ark and looked, and here the face of the earth had dried.
20 And Noah built an altar to Yahweh, and he took some of each of the clean beasts and of each of the clean birds, and he offered sacrifices on the altar.
21 And Yahweh smelled the pleasant smell, and Yahweh said to his heart, “I shall not again curse the ground on man’s account, for the inclination of the human heart is evil from their youth, and I shall not again strike all the living as I have done.
22 All the rest of the days of the earth, seed and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.”
9 These are the generation of Noah: Noah was a righteous man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God.
10 And Noah sired three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
11 And the earth was corrupted before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
12 And God saw the earth, and here it was corrupted, for all flesh had corrupted its way on the earth.
13 And God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before me, for the earth is filled with violence because of them, and here I am going to destroy them with the earth.
14 Make yourself an ark of gopher wood, make rooms with the ark, and pitch it outside and inside with pitch.
15 And this is how you shall make it: Three hundred cubits the length of the ark, fifty cubits its width, and thirty cubits its height.
16 You shall make a window for the ark, and you shall finish it to a cubit from the top, and you shall make an entrance to the ark in its side. You shall make lower, second, and third stories for it.
17 And here I am bringing the flood, water over the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life from under the heavens. Everything which is on the land will die.
18 And I shall establish my covenant with you. And you shall come to the ark, you and your sons and your wife and your sons’ wives with you.
19 And of all the living, of all flesh, you shall bring two to the ark to keep alive with you, they shall be male and female.
20 Of the birds according to their kind, and of the beasts according to their kind, and of all the creeping things of the earth according to their kind, two of each will come to you to keep alive.
21 And you, take for yourself of all food which will be eaten and gather it to you, and it will be for you and for them for food.”
22 And Noah did according to all that God commanded him — so he did.Genesis 7:6 And Noah was six hundred years old, and the flood was on the earth.
8 Of the clean beasts and of the beasts which were not clean, and of the birds and of all those which creep upon the earth,
9 two of each came to Noah to the ark, male and female, as God had commanded Noah.
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, on this day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the heavens were opened.
13 In this very day, Noah and Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife and his sons’ three wives with them came to the ark,
14 They and all the living things according to their kind, and all the beasts according to their kind, and all the creeping things that creep on the earth according to their kind, and all the birds according to their kind, and every winged bird.
15 And they came to Noah to the ark, two of each, of all flesh in which is the breath of life.
16 And those which came were male and female, some of all flesh came, as God had commanded him. . . .
21 And all flesh, those that creep on the earth, the birds, the beasts, and the wild animals, and all the swarming things that swarm on the earth, and all the humans expired.
24 And the waters grew strong on the earth a hundred fifty days.Genesis 8:1 And God remembered Noah and all the living, and all the beasts that were with him in the ark, and God passed a wind over the earth, and the waters were decreased.
2 And the fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were shut, . . .
3 . . . And the waters were abated at the end of a hundred fifty days.
4 And the ark rested, in the seventh month, in the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat.
5 And the waters continued receding until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first of the month, the tops of the mountains appeared.
7 And he sent out a raven, and it went back and forth until the waters dried up from the earth.
13 And it was in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the waters dried from the earth.
14 And in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth dried up.
15 And God spoke to Noah, saying,
16 “Go out from the ark, you and your wife and your sons’ wives with you.
17 All the living things that are with you, of all flesh, of the birds, and of the beasts, and of all the creeping things that creep on the earth, that go out with you, shall swarm in the earth and be fruitful and multiply in the earth.”
18 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives went out.
19 All the living things, all the creeping things and all the birds, all that creep on the earth, by their families, they went out of the ark.

The J version by itself

The J treatment is distinct from the P on virtually every level. The details and terminology differ, referring to “Yahweh” rather than “God,” using the terms “man and his woman” rather than “male and female,” and describing one pair of clean and unclean animals rather than simply one pair. A dove is sent out in the J version, and the flood lasts a mere forty days and forty nights in comparison’s to P’s year. The terror of the flood plays a minor role in this version: it rains, without question, but the magnitude of destruction that P depicts does not enter the picture at all. The different depiction that J offers the reader is perhaps the most intriguing characteristic to study. J’s deity is capable of regret (6:6,7), making one wonder whether Yahweh can be omnipotent and omniscient and simultaneously regret past actions. Yahweh personally closes Noah’s ark, makes an everlasting covenant with the people, and delights in the smell of animal sacrifice. The God here is very tangible, very accessible and anthropomorphic, a depiction entirely consistent with other J stories.


Genesis 6:

5 And Yahweh saw that the evil of humans was great in the earth and all the inclination of the thoughts of their heart was only evil all day.
6 And Yahweh regretted that he had made humans in the earth, and he was grieved to his heart.
7 And Yahweh said, “I shall wipe out the humans which I have created from the face of the earth, from human to beast to creeping thing to bird of the heavens, for I regret that I have made them.”
8 But Noah found favor in Yahweh’s eyes.

Genesis 7:
1 And Yahweh said to Noah, “Come, you and all your household, to the ark, for I have seen you as righteous before me in this generation.
2 Of all the clean beasts, take yourself seven pairs, man and his woman; and of the beasts which are not clean, two, man and his woman.
3 Also of the birds of the heavens seven pairs, male and female, to keep alive seed on the face of the earth.
4 For in seven more days I shall rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I shall wipe out all the substance that I have made from upon the face of the earth.”
5 And Noah did according to all that Yahweh had commanded him.
7 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him came to the ark from before the waters of the flood.
10 And seven days later the waters of the flood were on the earth.
12 And there was rain on the earth, forty days and forty nights.
16 . . . And Yahweh closed it for him.
17 And the flood was on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and the waters multiplied and raised the ark, and it was lifted from the earth.
18 And the waters grew strong and multiplied greatly on the earth, and the ark went on the surface of the waters.
19 And the waters grew very very strong on the earth, and they covered all the high mountains that are under all the heavens.
20 Fifteen cubits above, the waters grew stronger, and they covered the mountains.
22 Everything that had the breathing spirit of life in its nostrils, everything that was on the dry ground, died.
23 And he wiped out all the substance that was on the face of the earth, from human to beast, to creeping thing, and to bird of the heavens, and they were wiped out from the earth, and only Noah and those who were with him in the ark were left.

Genesis 8:

6 And it was at the end of forty days, and Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made.
8 And he sent out a dove from him to see whether the waters had eased from the face of the earth.
9 And the dove did not find a resting place for its foot, and it returned to him to the ark, for waters were on the face of the earth, and he put out his hand and took it and brought it to him to the ark.
10 And he waited seven more days, and he again sent out a dove from the ark.
11 And the dove came to him at evening time, and here was an olive leaf torn off in its mouth, and Noah knew that the waters had eased from the earth.
12 And he waited seven more days, and he sent out a dove, and it did not return to him ever again.
13 . . . And Noah turned back the covering of the ark and looked, and here the face of the earth had dried.
20 And Noah built an altar to Yahweh, and he took some of each of the clean beasts and of each of the clean birds, and he offered sacrifices on the altar.
21 And Yahweh smelled the pleasant smell, and Yahweh said to his heart, “I shall not again curse the ground on man’s account, for the inclination of the human heart is evil from their youth, and I shall not again strike all the living as I have done.
22 All the rest of the days of the earth, seed and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.”

The Priestly version by itself

The P version of the flood differs from the J in terminology and slight details: it refers to “God” rather than Yahweh, calls the animals “male and female” instead of “man and his woman,” details one pair of each kind of animals rather than one pair of clean and unclean. P has Noah release a raven, not a dove. P’s attention to detail has the story reveal the duration of the flood as lasting a year (370 days), rather than J’s forty days and forty nights, which sounds more like a literary topos than an attempt to document the event. The flood in the P story is literally a cosmic crisis. The windows of the heavens and the fountains of the deep are in upheaval, and the waters of the earth invade human existence. In the alternate version, it merely rains. More significantly perhaps, the deity revealed by the P source is distinct, and not merely in the discrepancy of terms for their God. The P source represents a God that is far different from J’s anthropomorphic vision of God. The God P gives to us is transcendent, in control of the universe — a vision completely consistent with other P stories.


Genesis 6:

9 These are the generation of Noah: Noah was a righteous man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God.
10 And Noah sired three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
11 And the earth was corrupted before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
12 And God saw the earth, and here it was corrupted, for all flesh had corrupted its way on the earth.
13 And God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before me, for the earth is filled with violence because of them, and here I am going to destroy them with the earth.
14 Make yourself an ark of gopher wood, make rooms with the ark, and pitch it outside and inside with pitch.
15 And this is how you shall make it: Three hundred cubits the length of the ark, fifty cubits its width, and thirty cubits its height.
16 You shall make a window for the ark, and you shall finish it to a cubit from the top, and you shall make an entrance to the ark in its side. You shall make lower, second, and third stories for it.
17 And here I am bringing the flood, water over the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life from under the heavens. Everything which is on the land will die.
18 And I shall establish my covenant with you. And you shall come to the ark, you and your sons and your wife and your sons’ wives with you.
19 And of all the living, of all flesh, you shall bring two to the ark to keep alive with you, they shall be male and female.
20 Of the birds according to their kind, and of the beasts according to their kind, and of all the creeping things of the earth according to their kind, two of each will come to you to keep alive.
21 And you, take for yourself of all food which will be eaten and gather it to you, and it will be for you and for them for food.”
22 And Noah did according to all that God commanded him — so he did.

Genesis 7:

6 And Noah was six hundred years old, and the flood was on the earth.
8 Of the clean beasts and of the beasts which were not clean, and of the birds and of all those which creep upon the earth,
9 two of each came to Noah to the ark, male and female, as God had commanded Noah.
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, on this day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the heavens were opened.
13 In this very day, Noah and Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife and his sons’ three wives with them came to the ark,
14 They and all the living things according to their kind, and all the beasts according to their kind, and all the creeping things that creep on the earth according to their kind, and all the birds according to their kind, and every winged bird.
15 And they came to Noah to the ark, two of each, of all flesh in which is the breath of life.
16 And those which came were male and female, some of all flesh came, as God had commanded him. . . .
21 And all flesh, those that creep on the earth, the birds, the beasts, and the wild animals, and all the swarming things that swarm on the earth, and all the humans expired.
24 And the waters grew strong on the earth a hundred fifty days.

Genesis 8:

1 And God remembered Noah and all the living, and all the beasts that were with him in the ark, and God passed a wind over the earth, and the waters were decreased.
2 And the fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were shut, . . .
3 . . . And the waters were abated at the end of a hundred fifty days.
4 And the ark rested, in the seventh month, in the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat.
5 And the waters continued receding until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first of the month, the tops of the mountains appeared.
7 And he sent out a raven, and it went back and forth until the waters dried up from the earth.
13 And it was in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the waters dried from the earth.
14 And in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth fried up.
15 And God spoke to Noah, saying,
16 “Go out from the ark, you and your wife and your sons’ wives with you.
17 All the living things that are with you, of all flesh, of the birds, and of the beasts, and of all the creeping things that creep on the earth, that go out with you, shall swarm in the earth and be fruitful and multiply in the earth.”
18 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives went out.
19 All the living things, all the creeping things and all the birds, all that creep on the earth, by their families, they went out of the ark.