Mishnah Infographics

Jews read the Hebrew Bible through the lens of our oral law. While originally transmitted orally (as the name suggests) our oral law was ultimately recorded in the Mishnah. The six books of the Mishnah show the way that the indigenous people of the Bible have understood and transmitted their tradition.

These infographics cover topics such as: what is the Mishnah, how is it arranged, who are the teachers we find it in, how is the Mishnah related to other classic rabbinic texts?

Koren Mishnah closeup of page

Many parts of the Mishnah make reference to the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, the Beit Ha’Mikdash, “House of Holiness,” בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ. There has been more than one Temple, so when reading the text use context to figure out which Temple there are referring to, the First Temple, the Second Temple, or the Second Temple as rebuilt and expanded by Herod.

Here is the first Temple, the Temple of King Solomon.

The First Temple Solomon's Temple 957 BCE

Herod’s expansion of the Second Temple dates from around 20 BCE.

For comparison here it is shown next to Solomon’s Temple, the first Temple.

Herod's Temple vs Solomon's Temple

Many parts of the Mishnah discuss events in and around Jerusalem, so it is important to have a map showing the geography of Jerusalem

Jerusalem in the time of Jesus Hillel and Shammai

Here is the same city from another artist, with another view.

Jerusalem and the Jewish Revolt against Roman Rule 70 CE

A synagogue-home in the first century CE.

Home Synagogue in 1st century CE Greek towns

The Sanhedrin meeting inside the second Temple in Jerusalem.

Sanhedrin inside the Temple

The rabbis of the Mishnah, from the Encyclopaedia Judaica.

The Rabbis of the Mishnah from Wikipedia

Famous rabbis of the Mishnah and Talmud, shown on a family tree-like diagram.

From BimBam (formerly G-dcast.)

Talmud-character-chart-1

The six orders of the Mishnah

The Six Orders of the Mishnah Wikipedia

From the Mishnah to the Tosefta

The Tosefta is a little-studied primary work of classic rabbinic literature, alongside the Mishnah and Talmud, dating from the late 2nd century. We can learn more about that here Tosefta, the “other” Mishnah

From the Mishnah to the Talmud

How is the Mishnah related to the later Talmuds? (Yes, that’s right, its plual – there are two Talmuds. The Talmud of Babylon, and the Talmud of the land of Israel. From the Mishnah to the Talmud

Reading a page of Talmud

When you finally get to the point where you are studying Talmud, it will become easier if you know how the Talmud is usually published. I discovered this wonderful image from Desiree at triberuth. wordpress. com

triberuth Color Coded Talmud Layout Gemara Tosafists Glosses

Professor Jay C. Treat at U. Penn Arts & Sciences shows us how this looks in a traditional Hebrew & Aramaic layout

Color coded Talmud page Hebrew Aramaic

and here is the key

Color code layout Talmdud page KEY

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Thanks for reading. While you’re here see our articles on Jewish ethics, Halakhah,  Kashrut (keeping kosher) , LifecycleMishnah and Talmud studyphilosophy & theologyTefila (prayer)Torah studyZionism, and our Facebook discussion group, Coffeehouse Torah Talk.

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